What is REF?
The Research Excellence Framework (REF) is the system run by the UK higher education funding bodies to assess the quality of research taking place in UK higher education institutions. It first took place in 2014, replacing the previous Research Assessment Exercises, and the current REF submission deadline was November 2020, but has been extended to 31 March 2021 to take account of the disruption caused by Covid-19.
The REF is intended to:
- provide accountability for public investment in research, and evidence of the benefits of that investment
- provide benchmarking information for use the HE sector and for public information
- inform the allocation of 'quality-related' (QR) funding for research.
The REF assesses the quality of an institution’s research outputs, impacts and environment by a process of peer review, carried out by expert disciplinary panels made up of senior academics, international representatives, and research users from business, industry and the public and third sectors. Research outputs, impacts and environment are graded from 4* (‘world-leading’) to 1* (‘recognised nationally’).
REF 2021 results
In May 2022, the UK higher education funding bodies published the outcomes of REF 2021, which demonstrate that the Royal College of Art continues to be a world-leading research-intensive institution. The results show that:
- We have doubled our research power, remaining a research-intensive institution with 100 per cent of our academic staff submitted
- The vast majority of our submission was graded world-leading and internationally excellent across the three main categories of ‘Outputs’, ‘Impact’ and ‘Environment’
- We have maintained the high quality of our research, increasing the proportion of outputs graded world-leading and internationally excellent while more than doubling the full time equivalent of staff submitted
- A higher proportion of our outputs were graded world-leading (4*) than in 2014
- Our research continues to generate strong impact for business, policy and communities globally: we increased the number of impact case studies submitted, with the School of Arts & Humanities and the Research Centres particularly prominent, and the vast majority were graded as internationally excellent (3*) and world-leading (4*), confirming our outstanding Knowledge Exchange Framework (KEF) results
- We have maintained a 100 per cent research environment rating at 3*/4*. This reflects the strength of our research environment and our supportive and stimulating research culture, which has seen the number of doctoral degrees awarded during this REF period increase by 300 per cent compared to REF 2014, and our research income increase by 236 per cent, with our four interdisciplinary research centres attracting over £10 million of UKRI funding in recent years.
You can find more information about our REF 2021 results here.
REF 2021 submission
The RCA submitted 100 per cent of its staff to REF 2021, a total of 174 members of staff and some 300 outputs, of which many were practice-based outputs (exhibitions, artefacts, installations) presented in the form of a portfolio, while others were books, book chapters and journal articles. Nine impact case studies were submitted, demonstrating the breadth and range as well as the impact of RCA research.
The impact case studies included fine art and curating projects (Kennard, Shani, Watson), inclusive design projects with commercial, social and healthcare impacts (Myerson, West and the Helen Hamlyn Centre for Design), design-led citizen science promoting public engagement with biodiversity (Phillips), typographic design for widening access to Indic texts (Ramanathan) and design and communication influence on the work of a global company (Hall, Simmons, Triggs).
Our REF environment statement illustrated the growth and success of research at the RCA since the previous REF exercise, reporting an increase in research income (from £8.7 million to £20.5 million over the current REF period), an increase in staff submitted to the REF from 95 to 174, and an increase in doctoral degrees awarded from 57 to 170.
More information about the RCA's preparations for REF 2021 can be found in the College’s Code of Practice on the Selection of Staff for REF 2021, which sets out the steps the RCA took to ensure that fairness, transparency, equality and diversity were at the heart both of the way we deliver our strategic objectives for research and knowledge exchange, and of the way we prepared our submission for REF 2021.
The Research & Knowledge Exchange Office oversees the RCA’s REF preparation and submission, working with the College’s REF Strategy Group.
RCA REF Strategy Group
The REF Strategy Group is chaired by the Director of Research & Innovation and is a sub-group of the Research, Knowledge Exchange and Innovation (RKEI) Strategy Committee. The REF Strategy Group is tasked with agreeing the RCA’s REF 2021 strategy, developing and approving RCA REF 2021 guidance materials (such as the Code of Practice), monitoring the RCA’s REF 2021 preparations, and overseeing the RCA’s REF 2021 submission.
REF 2014 results
In REF 2014, the RCA was assessed as the highest ranking UK specialist art and design institution in terms of 4* research overall, at 37 per cent.
A further 40 per cent of Royal College of Art research was rated as 3*, meaning that in total, 77 per cent of the College’s research was assessed as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’. This represents a 12 point increase on the College’s RAE 2008 results.
The RCA submitted 95 staff to REF 2014, 65 per cent of the REF-eligible staff. This was the highest proportion of staff submitted by any UK art and design unit or institution, and reflects the research-intensive nature of the RCA. We submitted 7 impact case studies, on topics ranging from photography and the representation of conflict to design for patient safety.