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Ingee Chung

MA work

Colour as pattern

Colour as pattern is a research project about the halftone print process which is largely used in printing industry. Ingee began his own investigation from here and discovered that the patterns, which humans aren’t able to see directly through our own eyes, have an interesting relationship with colour: 'Every printed colour has its own moire pattern'.

In other words, ‘colour as pattern’ is an experiment involving the printing process. To enable the continuous tone of images, the halftone process is one of the most commonly used printing processes in industry as a way to trick our perceptions. The halftone process is not an infinite range of continuous tones. It relies on a basic optical illusion; the tiny halftone dots are blended into smooth tones. It needs 4 colour channels; cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. Each channel is composed of halftone dots to create the continuous tone image. These halftone patterns are combined in a certain angles to make colour and saturation. It is a colour when seen in distance, but a pattern in close up. These dots are printed in a small size that is why we perceive these patterns as a colour.

In this project, his different approach towards the printing process, which is ‘zooming-in’ on printed colours, is to detect a repeated singular pattern. Then these singular patterns are printed continuously with different sizes; small to big, to visualise a transferring process between pattern and colour. He tries to break the distance between the media and the viewer by ‘zooming-in’ to visualise a structure which is hidden beyond the view of the human eye. It is a starting point to question about standardisation that people might not have ever recognised. 


  • MA Degree


    School of Communication


    MA Visual Communication, 2016

  • As a graphic designer, I use and apply structure as a working method, which I found out from the ordinary CMYK printing process. I question about the norm of standardisation in printing principles by continuously approaching the agenda of printing as a new media and figuring out the modernity of printing. 

    At the time in Royal college of Art, London, I started from what I knew in every detail and was very familiar with, which is the process of printing. London is also a great place with various archives to understand the classics of production processes. Through the Visual Communication programme at the RCA, I did a research project questioning the modernity of printing in today context of graphic design and visual communications. I have discovered a different approach happened by its process. I want to extend the idea and ask how people involves in printing standards which people might not have been noticed.

    In my work ‘colour as pattern,’ I have found out the basic pattern of colours. It is basic information that can be utilised into diverse medium, not only for printed matter. It is a new non-standardisationed process that can be utilised to other making processes such as wiving, video, or skins of products. It has a magnificent possibility to be produced into other materials. With a background of being a skillful graphic designer, I have always been hungry for collaboration with artists, which made me want to create not only printed work, but also extend to other medium, product, video, etc.

  • Degrees

  • BA Visual Communication, College of Fine Arts, Hongik University, Seoul, South Korea, 2013
  • Experience

  • Designer, OrdinaryPeople, Seoul, 2009–2013
  • Exhibitions

  • Work in Progress Show, Darwin Gallery, Royal College of Art, London, UK, 2015; Tokyo TDC 2013, Ginza Graphic Gallery, Japan, 2013; Trnava Poster Triennial, Jan Koniarek Gallery, Slovakia, 2012; Tokyo TDC 2011, Ginza Graphic Gallery, Japan, 2011; Looking Back Designing Forward, Vignelli Center, USA, 2011